umount, umount2 - unmount file system


#include <sys/mount.h>
int umount(const char *target);
int umount2(const char *target, int flags);


umount() and umount2() remove the attachment of the (topmost) file system mounted on target.

Appropriate privilege (Linux: the CAP_SYS_ADMIN capability) is required to unmount file systems.

Linux 2.1.116 added the umount2() system call, which, like umount(), unmounts a target, but allows additional flags controlling the behavior of the operation:

MNT_FORCE (since Linux 2.1.116)
Force unmount even if busy. This can cause data loss. (Only for NFS mounts.)
MNT_DETACH (since Linux 2.4.11)
Perform a lazy unmount: make the mount point unavailable for new accesses, and actually perform the unmount when the mount point ceases to be busy.
MNT_EXPIRE (since Linux 2.6.8)
Mark the mount point as expired. If a mount point is not currently in use, then an initial call to umount2() with this flag fails with the error EAGAIN, but marks the mount point as expired. The mount point remains expired as long as it isn't accessed by any process. A second umount2() call specifying MNT_EXPIRE unmounts an expired mount point. This flag cannot be specified with either MNT_FORCE or MNT_DETACH.
UMOUNT_NOFOLLOW (since Linux 2.6.34)
Don't dereference target if it is a symbolic link. This flag allows security problems to be avoided in in set-user-ID-root programs that allow unprivileged users to unmount file systems.


On success, zero is returned. On error, -1 is returned, and errno is set appropriately.


The error values given below result from file-system type independent errors. Each file system type may have its own special errors and its own special behavior. See the kernel source code for details.

EAGAIN A call to umount2() specifying MNT_EXPIRE successfully marked an
unbusy file system as expired.
EBUSY target could not be unmounted because it is busy.
EFAULT target points outside the user address space.
EINVAL target is not a mount point. Or, umount2() was called with
A pathname was longer than MAXPATHLEN.
ENOENT A pathname was empty or had a nonexistent component.
ENOMEM The kernel could not allocate a free page to copy filenames or
data into.
EPERM The caller does not have the required privileges.


MNT_DETACH and MNT_EXPIRE are only available in glibc since version 2.11.


These functions are Linux-specific and should not be used in programs intended to be portable.


The original umount() function was called as umount(device) and would return ENOTBLK when called with something other than a block device. In Linux 0.98p4 a call umount(dir) was added, in order to support anonymous devices. In Linux 2.3.99-pre7 the call umount(device) was removed, leaving only umount(dir) (since now devices can be mounted in more than one place, so specifying the device does not suffice).


mount(2), path_resolution(7), mount(8), umount(8)


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