tcl_exit(3)

NAME

Tcl_Exit, Tcl_Finalize, Tcl_CreateExitHandler, Tcl_Delete
ExitHandler, Tcl_ExitThread, Tcl_FinalizeThread, Tcl_Cre
ateThreadExitHandler, Tcl_DeleteThreadExitHandler - end
the application or thread (and invoke exit handlers)

SYNOPSIS

#include <tcl.h>
Tcl_Exit(status)
Tcl_Finalize()
Tcl_CreateExitHandler(proc, clientData)
Tcl_DeleteExitHandler(proc, clientData)
Tcl_ExitThread(status)
Tcl_FinalizeThread()
Tcl_CreateThreadExitHandler(proc, clientData)
Tcl_DeleteThreadExitHandler(proc, clientData)

ARGUMENTS

int status (in) Provides information
about why the appli
cation or thread
exited. Exact mean
ing may be platformspecific. 0 usually
means a normal exit,
any nonzero value
usually means that
an error occurred.
Tcl_ExitProc *proc (in) Procedure to invoke
before exiting
application.
ClientData clientData (in) Arbitrary one-word
value to pass to
proc.

DESCRIPTION

The procedures described here provide a graceful mechanism
to end the execution of a Tcl application. Exit handlers
are invoked to cleanup the application's state before end
ing the execution of Tcl code.

Invoke Tcl_Exit to end a Tcl application and to exit from this process. This procedure is invoked by the exit com
mand, and can be invoked anyplace else to terminate the
application. No-one should ever invoke the exit system
procedure directly; always invoke Tcl_Exit instead, so that it can invoke exit handlers. Note that if other code
invokes exit system procedure directly, or otherwise
causes the application to terminate without calling
Tcl_Exit, the exit handlers will not be run. Tcl_Exit internally invokes the exit system call, thus it never
returns control to its caller.

Tcl_Finalize is similar to Tcl_Exit except that it does not exit from the current process. It is useful for
cleaning up when a process is finished using Tcl but
wishes to continue executing, and when Tcl is used in a
dynamically loaded extension that is about to be unloaded.
On some systems Tcl is automatically notified when it is
being unloaded, and it calls Tcl_Finalize internally; on these systems it not necessary for the caller to explic
itly call Tcl_Finalize. However, to ensure portability, your code should always invoke Tcl_Finalize when Tcl is being unloaded, to ensure that the code will work on all
platforms. Tcl_Finalize can be safely called more than once.

Tcl_ExitThread is used to terminate the current thread and invoke per-thread exit handlers. This finalization is
done by Tcl_FinalizeThread, which you can call if you just want to clean up per-thread state and invoke the thread
exit handlers. Tcl_Finalize calls Tcl_FinalizeThread for the current thread automatically.

Tcl_CreateExitHandler arranges for proc to be invoked by Tcl_Finalize and Tcl_Exit. Tcl_CreateThreadExitHandler arranges for proc to be invoked by Tcl_FinalizeThread and Tcl_ExitThread. This provides a hook for cleanup opera tions such as flushing buffers and freeing global memory.
Proc should match the type Tcl_ExitProc:
typedef void Tcl_ExitProc(ClientData clientData);
The clientData parameter to proc is a copy of the client_ Data argument given to Tcl_CreateExitHandler or Tcl_Cre ateThreadExitHandler when the callback was created. Typi cally, clientData points to a data structure containing application-specific information about what to do in proc.
Tcl_DeleteExitHandler and Tcl_DeleteThreadExitHandler may be called to delete a previously-created exit handler. It
removes the handler indicated by proc and clientData so that no call to proc will be made. If no such handler
exists then Tcl_DeleteExitHandler or Tcl_DeleteThreadEx itHandler does nothing.
Tcl_Finalize and Tcl_Exit execute all registered exit han dlers, in reverse order from the order in which they were
registered. This matches the natural order in which
extensions are loaded and unloaded; if extension A loads
extension B, it usually unloads B before it itself is
unloaded. If extension A registers its exit handlers
before loading extension B, this ensures that any exit
handlers for B will be executed before the exit handlers
for A.
Tcl_Finalize and Tcl_Exit call Tcl_FinalizeThread and the thread exit handlers after the process-wide exit handlers.
This is because thread finalization shuts down the I/O
channel system, so any attempt at I/O by the global exit
handlers will vanish into the bitbucket.

KEYWORDS

callback, cleanup, dynamic loading, end application, exit,
unloading, thread
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